Wednesday, June 25, 2008

d'Arezzo, de Guide

(995-1050), French vocal instructor and reformer, educated at the Benedictine Abby, at Pomposa near Ferrara, Italy. He established the nomenclature of the major hexachord-essentially our familiar do, re, mi, etc. and introduced the staff of four lines.

Dargomizhsky, Alexander

(1813-1869), Russian composer, he carried on Glinka's principles of a national-realistic Russian opera.

Darwich, Sayed

(1892-1923), Egyptian-Arabian composer, he is known as the father of modern Arabian music and the first to introduce the piano into such music. He composed over 200 songs.

Debussy, Claude

(1862-1918), French composer, his music reflected and paralleled the impressionists in poetry and painting, almost all were new departures in their own respective ways. He composed 1 opera(Pelleas et Melisande), symphonic poem(La Mer), Afternoon of a Faun, violin and piano pieces.

De Luca, Giuseppe

1876-1950), Italian baritone, debut at Piacenza in 1897, then sang at La Scala, Covent Garden, moved to US and became the leading baritone at the Met for 20 years(1915-35), taught at Juilliard. Toscanini is said to have called De Luca, "absolutely the best baritone I ever heard", he was praised in a wide range of roles, from buffo to bel canto to Verdi.

Tuesday, June 24, 2008

Delius, Frederick

(1862-1934), British composer, his father wanted him to be a merchant, but he studied music first in US and then entered the Leipzig Conservatory, moved to Paris later and settled there. He composed 6 operas, one piano concerto, incidental music, and vocal music.

Destinn, Emmy

(1878-1930), Czech soprano, studied in Prague, debut at the Dresden Hofoper, 1897, and sang in Berlin Hofoper, where she reamined 5 years, then sang in Bayreuth. NY Met, and London Covent Garden. During much of her career she was frequently cast opposite Caruso.

Diaghilev, Sergei

(1872-1027), Russian imprasario, studied law, but his exceptional discernment in matters artistic and musical allowed him to bring innovators together into fruitful collaborations, he stimulated and supported ballet choreographers to revolutionize ballet choreography.

Dimitrova, Ghena

(1941-2005), Bulgarian soprano, sang in school chior, then studied at the Sofia Conservatory, debut at Bulgarian National Theater, won the Sofia International Competition in 1970, and further studied in Milan La Scala, sang there, London, and NY Met. Her voice was known for its power and extension used in operatic roles spanning for 40 years.

d'Indy, Vincent

(1851-1931), French composer, studied at the Paris Conservatory, and at Cologne, taught at the conservatory, founded the Schola Cantorum in Paris and became director, composed symphonies(On a French mountain-song), symphonic poems, piano concerto, a comic opera, and songs.

Distler, Hugo

(1908-1942), German composer, studied at the Leipzig Conservatory, became orgainst at St. Jacobi in Lubeck in 1931, and taught at school, became professor of church music in Stuttgart, his deep religious roots strongly influenced his composition style. His pieces are very polyphonic, free and frequently melismatic, he composed mostly church choral music.

Dittersdorf, Carl Ditters von

(1739-1799), Austrian composer and violin virtuoso, a post as violinist in Vienna's Schottenkirche orchestra, and court orchestra, served as a Kapellmeister for the court of Adam Patachich of Hungary. He composed 45 operas, 120 symphonies, ans sacred music

Domingo, Placido

(1941- ), Spanish tenor and conductor, studied at the Mexico City Conservatory, debut as a baritone in a zarzuela(Spanish comic opera), then studied to be a tenor, debut as a tenor in La Traviata(Alfredo), debut in US at Dallas, then sang else where, debut as a conductor with New York City Opera in 1983. One of the three tenors. Currently music director of the Washington Opera.

Donizetti, Gaetano

(1795-1848), Italian composer, studied music at the school of J. S. Mayr, then at the Bologna Conservatory, moved to Naples and taught at the Naples Conservatory later served as director there. He composed 60 operas and sacred music - his popular operas are: Don Pasquale, La Favorite, L'elisir d'amore, La fille du regiment, Anna Bolena

Dostal, Nico

(1895-1981), Austrian composer,

Dukas, Paul

(1865-1935), French composer, studied at the Paris Conservatory, later taught there, also served as inspector of music education of Frencg government, his compositions were lost and destroyed, only few survied - a comic opera, a ballet, one symphony, and symphonic scherzo "L'Apprenti-Sorcier".

Durlet, Emmanuel

(1893-1977), Belgian composer

Dusek, Frantisek Xaver

(1731-1799), Czech composer and pianist, studied in Prague later in Vienna, he settled in Prague where for three decades he was a popular keyboard player and teacher. His Prague home and the Bertramka summer villa(stamp on the left) were centers of local musical activity, Mozart completed 'Don Giovann' there in 1787. His wife Josepha, a singer, sang the title role and other Mozart's operas.

Dvorak, Antonin

(1841-1904), Czech composer, one of the most eminent Bohemian composers, studied at the Prague Conservatory, played violin in the local orchestras, or restaurants and in the dances. served as the dirctor of National Conservatory in New York, and later director of the Prague Conservatory. He composed 9 symphonies, 11 operas, concertos(violin, cello), 14 string quartets, symphonic poems, slavic dances, chamber music etc.

Monday, June 23, 2008

Egk, Werner

(1901-1983), German composer, studied in Frankfurt, Munich, Italy and Berlin, conducted the Berlin Staatsoper, director of the Berlin Hochschule fur Musik, composed 7 operas, 5 ballets, orchestral music, and chamber music.

Eisler, Hanns

91898-1962), german composer, attended the Staatsgymnaium in Vienna, then studied music at the Vienna Conservatory, went to US and taught at New York and Univer. of Southern California, returned to Berlin and taught at the Hochschulefur Musik, composed stage works, film scores, chorus and orchestral music.

Elgar, Edward

(1857-1934), British composer, studied violin in Worcester and London, received honorary doctorate from Cambridge University and was knighted in 1904, taught at the Birmingham University, conducted the London Symphony.
He composed 2 symphonies, ballet music, concertos(violin, cello), orchestral music, and others.

Eller, Heino

(1887-1970), Estonian composer,studied law at St. Petersburg Univ., then studied music at the Petrograd Conservatory, appointed professor of music at Tallinn Conservatory, during his half century as a teacher, he had great influence on Estonian composers, his works includes 3 symphonies, tone poems, chamber music.

Enescu, George-1

(1881-1955), Romanian composer, conductor, and violinist, he studied violin in Vienna from age 7, then continued to study in Paris, he became prominent as conductor and violinist, he established the Enescu Prize and the George Enescu Symphony orchestra in Jassy, he toured US and Europe, also taught at the Mannes School of Music in New York. He composed 5 symphonies, variuos orchestral music.

Enescu, George-2

Romanian conductor, composer and violinist. He composed 5 symphonies, 3 orchestral suites, a violin concerto,a piano concerto, Romainan Rhapsodies, Symphonie de chambre, Fantasie, 2 piano quintets, 2 piano quartets, 2 string quartets, 2 piano trios, and others.

Erkel, Ferenc

(1810-1893), Hungarian composer and conductor, studied at Pozsony Gymnasium, debut as opera conductor, conducted the new Hungarian National Theater in Budapest, founded and conducted Philharmonic Concerts, principal conductor, National Association od Choral Societies, first director of Budapest Academy of Music. He composed operas and the national anthem of Hungary.

Eysler, Edmund

(1874-1949), Austrian composer, he studied composition with Johann Nepomuk, then taught piano and conducted theater orchestras. His operetta-"Bruder Straubinger" was extremely successful in 1903, later works were somewhat less popular, he composed 2 operas and 50 operettas.

Sunday, June 22, 2008

Fall, Leo

(1873-1925), Austrian composer, studied at the Vienna Conservatory, he played in and directed theater orchestra and wrote stage music in Berlin, Hamburg, and Cologne. Returned to Vienna and his operettas gained considerable success, he composed 3 operas, 20 operettas, waltzes and songs.

Falla, Manuel de

(1876-1946), Spanish composer, studied piano with his mother, then entered conservatory, winning fisrt prize, and subsequently pursued zarzuela composition. He is considered one of most original and characteristic modern Spanish composers, he composed ballet music, orchestral music, and operas.

Farkas, Ferenc

(1905-2000), Hungarian composer, studied at the Budapest Academy, later studied in Rome, taught at Koloszvar Conservatory, and director at the Budapest Academy, he composed 3 operas, symphony, overtures, songs, and film scores.

Faure, Garbriel

(1845-1924), French composer, studied at the Ecole Niedermeyer in Paris, served as organist at Rennes, St. Sulpice, and St. Honore. He taught at the Ecole Conservatory and the Paris Conservatory.
He composed requiem. elegie, incidental music, one symphony and piano music.

Fernandez, Oscar Lorenzo

(1897-1948), Brazilian composer,

Fibich, Zdenek

(1850-1900), Czech. composer, attended school in Vienna, Prague and Leipzig, served as conductor at at church and theater, he composed piano pieces.

Fiedler, Arthur

(1894-1979), American conductor, studied violin from his father then at the Royal Academy in Berlin. Founding conductor of the Boston Sinfonietta(or Fiedler Sinfornietta), also active as a choral conductor, organized a season of open-air concerts in 1929 with such popular success that he was appointed music director of the Boston Pop in 1930 until his death.

Field, John

(1782-1837), Irish composer and pianist, studied piano privately with Giordani and Clementi who took him to St. Petersburg, also toured France, Switzerland and Italy as a piano virtuoso. He composed 7 piano concertos, piano music and songs.

Flagstad, Kirsten

(1895-1962), Norwegian soprano, studied voice from her mother in Oslo and at Stockholm , debut at the Oslo opera in 1913. Sang operetta and opera, 1919-32, with Mayol Theater and National Theater of Oslo. Toured France and Finland. Engaged at Bayreuth in 1932, then sang in NY Met, London, Australia and Vienna. Served as director of the Oslo opera, 1958-60.

Foerster, Bohuslav

(1859-1951), Czech. composer, studied in Germany and stayed in Hamburg and Vienna, returned to Prague and taught at the conservatory, he composed 6 operas, 5 symphonies, masses, concertos, and chamber music.

Fokine, Mikhail

(1880-1942), Russian choreographer and dancer, trained at St. Petersburg Imperial Ballet School, debut at Imperial Marinsky Theater, taught at ballet school, joined Diaghilev's Ballets Russes in 1909. In 1923 he moved to US and restaged pieces for the ballets Russes de Monte Carlo and American Ballet Theatre. He staged more than 70 ballets in Europe and US.

Fonteyn, Dame Margot

(1919-1991), British prima ballerina, considered by many to be the greatest ballerina of her time, her mother signed up for ballet classes for her at early age, then joined the Royal Ballet, and was the company's leading star. She made a dame in 1954. She was chancellor of the Unniversity of Durham from 1981 to 1990, the Margot Fonteyn Academy was founded by her friend in New York.

Foster, Stephen Collins

(1826-1864), American composer, he was largely self-taught in music, learning to play flute and piano and compositional technique, the success of "Oh ! Susanna" and "Uncle Ned," both published in New York, determined him to become a full-time songwriter and achieved legendary status as America's best-loved songwriter - "My Old Kentucky Home", "Beautiful Dreamer", "Old Black Joe".

Franck, Cesar

(1822-1890), Belgian composer, studied at the Liege Conservatory, then at the Paris Conservatory, winning first prize in piano and composition, appointed as orgainst and precentor at the new Basilica of Ste Clotilde, also taught at the Liege Conservaotry. He composed symphonic poems, symphony, piano and chamber music etc.

Frescobaldi, Girolamo

(1583-1643), Italian composer, studied with a court organist, and later named organist at the Accademia della Morte, Cappella Giulla and St. Peters, also served the Bentivoglio family as household musica. He composed toccatas, canzonas.

Monday, June 16, 2008

Furtwangler, Wilhelm

(1886-1954), German conductor, studied in Munich, after early engagements in Zurich, Strasbourg, and Lubeck, appointed to Mannheim, Berlin Philharmonic, Berlin State Opera, and Bayreuth Festivals, his Wagner performances set a highest standard.

Fux, Johann Joseph

(1660-1741), Austrian composer and theorist, organist at St. Moritz, Hungarian bishop Court, and Schottenkirche in Vienna, court composer and kapellmeister at St. Stephen's. He composed operas, church music(Reqieums, oratorios, Masses), psrtitas, church sonatas.

Gade, Jacob

91879-1963), Danish violinist and composers, mostly of orchestral popular music, he is remembered for a single tune "Tango Jalousie"


Gadjubekov, Uzir

(1885-1948), Azerbaijan composer, studied in Shusha, then produced his first opera in Baku, several operas followed with success. He is reputedly one of the two most significant composers of his native state. The stamp shows a scene from his opera "Kyor-Oglu".

Ganne, Hans

Garayev, Qara

Gijer, Erik Gustaf

(1783-1847), Swedish writer and composer