Wednesday, May 28, 2008

Mazzel, Lorin

Conductor and violinist. Born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, 1930, of American parents; raised in Los Angeles and Pittsburgh, studied conducting, violin and piano, joined Pittsburgh Symphony as violinist. He has served as music director of the Berlin Oper and Radio Symphony, then music director of Cleveland Orchestra, Vienna State opera, and Pittsburgh Symphony

MacDowell, Edward

(1860-1908), American composer, studied at the Paris Conservatory first, then at the Hoch Conservatory in Frankfurt, taught there, later returned to US and taught at Boston, and Columbia University, served as the president of the Society of American Musicians and Composers. He composed 2 piano concertos, orchestral music, and piano pieces.

Machaut, Guillaume de

(c 1300-1377), French poet and composer, he was the foremost figure of 14th century of France in arts, his poetic output was extensive and varied; his musical compositions are numerous inculding ballades, motets, Masses etc.

Madetoja, Leevi

(1887-1947), Finnish composer, studied at the University of Helsinki under Sibelius, then went to Paris, Vienna and Berlin; returned to Finland and conducted the Helsinki Philharmonic and taught at the Music Academy, he composed , 2 operas, symphonic suites, chamber music, and songs.

Magomayev, Muslim

(1885-1937), Azerbajian composer and conductor, largely self-taught, he began his career as a violinist, then conducted the Music Theater in Baku. He composed operas and symphonic poems, The stamp is a scene from his opera 'Nargiz'.

Tuesday, May 27, 2008

Mahler, Gustav

(1860-1911), Austrian composer/conductor, studied in Vienna and Prague, debut as a conductor in 1880 at Summer Theater, Bad Hall, appointments followed at Ljubliana, Olomouc, Kassel, Prague, Leipzig, Budapest, Vienna, and N.Y Met, composed 10 symphonies(Das Lied von der Erde etc.), and songs.

Mancini, Henry

(1924-1994), American composer/conductor, after the WWII he started to work in Los Angeles at Universal Studios, composing the film and television scores, his most popular music is "Pink Panther".

Martin, Frank

(1890-1974), Swiss composer, studied mathematics and science before embarking music as a career, studied privately with various composers(R. Strauss, Mahler, Debussy and Schoenberg), later taught at Cologne, member of Academy of Saint Cecilia in Rome, Vienna Academy of Music. He composed orchestral music, ballet music etc.

Martinelli, Giovanni

(1885-1969), Italian tenor, studied in Milan, debut in 1908 as the messenger in Aida, La Scala debut in 1912, then sang in Covent Garden, London; NY Met, Chicago Lyric Opera, his most importrant roles were Radames, Canio, Otello, and Eleazar(La juive).

Martinu, Bohuslav

(1890-1959), Czech. composer, studied at the Prqgue Conservatory and Prague Organ School, went to Paris, Lisbon to continue his studies, visited US and taught at Tanglewood and Curtis, then moved to Switzerland. He composed operas, ballet music, orchestral pieces, chamber music etc.

Mascagni, Petro

(1863-1945), Italian composer,studied in Livorno first, then entered Milan Conservatory, conducted touring operetta company, later director of La Scala replacing Toscanini in 1929, he composed mainly operas - Cavalleria rusticana, Iris(Japanese story) etc.

Massenet, Jules

(1842-1912), French composer, studied at the Paris Conservatory; won Prix de Rome in 1863 and subsequently studied in Rome; taught at the Paris Conservatory from 1878 until his death, his operas were successful and gaining popularity throughout in France, Italy and America during his time. He composed operas(Thais, Manon, Cherubin, Le jonleur de Notre-Dame etc), incidental music, orchestral suites, and songs.

McCormack, John

(1884-1945), Irish tenor, after winning the National Irish Festival competition, went to Milan for further study, made his operatic debut in Savona, Italy, 1908. The following year he started his career as opera singer and sang in Covent Garden, Metropolitan Opera, Boston, Chicago, and Australia. Capacity crowds filled concert halls during his farewell tour of the US in 1937.

Sunday, May 25, 2008

Mehta, Zubin

(1936- ), conductor, born in India, studied piano and violin as a child, entered Vienna Academy, taking conducting lesson, in 1958 won the International Conducting Competition at Liverpool, and launched conducting career; conducted Vienna, Montreal, Los Angeles symphony orchestras, New York Philharmonic, and Israel Philharmonic, currently
guest conducting.

Mehul, Etienne-Nicolas

(1763-1817), French composer, one of the great masters of French operas, studied at the convent in Givet, then in Paris. He composed operas and stage works, his symphonic technique finds echos in the music of Beethoven and Mendelssohn, both of whom admired Mehul's music.

Melba, Nellie

(1861-1931), Australian soprano, studied in Paris with Marchesi, made her debut in Brussels(1887) as Gilda, then sang in most of opera houses of the world, later taught at the Melbourne Conservatory, one of the great operatic celebrities from the 1880's to WWI.

Melchior, Lauritz

(1890-1973), Danish tenor, studied at the Royal Opera School in Copenhagen, debut in 1913(Pagliacci), outstanding Wagnarian tenor of his days.

Menager, Laurent

(1835-1902), Luxembourgian composer, studied at the Cologne Conservatory, then taught at the music school in Luxembourg, director of the Federation of Choral Society, composed cantatas, masses, songs.

Mendelssohn, Felix

(1809-1847), German composer, he entered the Singakademie and began to compose, later studied at the Berlin University, traveled widely touring Italy, England, Weimar, Munich, Salzburg, and Vienna, became conductor of the Gewandhaus Orchestra of Leipzig. He composed 5 symphonies, 3 oratorios, 13 strin symphonies, overtures, 1 violin concerto, 3 piano concertos, and chamber music.

Mendelssohn, Felix-2

As Mendelssohn traveled to Scotland, he composed 'Fingal's Cave' (bottom picture) overture, also Scotish symphony.

Mercadante, Saverio

(1795-1870), Italian composer, studied at the Naples Conservatory, invited to work in Rome, Bologna, Milan, Vienna, Spain and Portugal, later served as the director at the Bologna Conservatory, composed 15 operas.

Merikanto, Oskar

(1868-1924), Finnish composer, studied in Helsinki, Leipzig and Berlin, he was organist in Finland, then conducted the Finnish National Opera in Helsinki, composed 3 operas, songs, and keyboard music.

Messager, Andre

(1853-1929), French composer, studied at the Ecole Niedermeyer, and Paris Conservatory, served as music director at the Opera-comiquer, and conductor at Covent garden(London), Paris Opera, composed operas, comique operas, and ballet music.

Meulemans, Arthur

(1884-1966), Belgian composer/conductor, studied at the Lemmens Institute in Mechelen and then taught there, later conductor and director for Belgian Radio, composed 3 operas, several concertos(3 for violin, 2 for cello, 2 for piano, and 1 each for viola, and harp).

Mignone, Francisco

(1897-1986), Brazilian composer, studied at the Sao Paulo Conservatory then at Milan Conservatory; return to Brazil and taught at th Escola Nacional de Musica, his music is strongly nationalistic in flavor. He composed operas,ballets, and orchestral music.

Milhaud, Darius

(1892-1974), French composer, studied at the Paris Conservatory and the Schola cantorum, taught at Mills College(US) and Paris Conservatory, one of the "les six", composed operas, ballets, 11 symphonies, chamber music etc.

Millocker, Karl

(1842-1899), Austrian composer, studied at the Vienna Conservatory, with help from Suppe, he started to conduct in Vienna, Budapest. He composed mainly operettas.

Friday, May 23, 2008

Mitropoulos, Dimitri & Skalkottas, Nikolaos

Mitropoulos(1896-1960), Greek conductor/composer, studied at the Athens Conservatory and in Brussels, conducted Atthens Symphony, Minneaplos Symphony, New York Philharmonic, and Metropolitan Opera.
He composed orchestral music and chamber music.
Skalkottas(1904-1949), Greek composer, one of the most important Greek composers of the 20th-century music. A member of the 2nd Viennese School, he drew his influences from both the classical repertoire and the Greek tradition.

Mokranjac, Stevan

(1856-1914), Serbian composer/conductor, studied with Rheinberger in Munich and then at Leipzig, became director of the Serbian Choral Society in Belgrade, founded a Serbian Music School in Belgrade, composed songs and choral music.

Mol, Willem de

(1846-1974), Belgian composer/conductor, studied at the Brussels Conservatory, won the Prix de Rome for his cantatas 'Colombus Droom' and studied in Rome, composed choral music and songs.

Thursday, May 22, 2008

Moniuszko, Stanislaw

(1819-1872), Polish composer(picture with Chopin), a church organist in Vilna, then taught at the Warsaw Conservatory, he composed the first Polish national opera 'Halka', he composed operas, ballet music, symphonic poem, and songs.

Monteverdi, Claudio

(1567-1643), Italian composer, played viola at Mantua and studied composition, went to Venice and appointed as the maestro di Cappelle of St. Mar's of Venice, first composer to envision opera as a drama in music, he composed sacred music, and operas.

Mosonyi, Mihaly

(1814-1870), Hungarian composer, self-taught in the beginning, then studied in Pressburg, developing a native style in Hungarian music, composed 3 operas, 1 symphony, 2 piano concertos, 5 masses.

Mozart Family

Leopold Mozart(1719-1787)-father(playing violin), Nannerl Mozart(1751-1787)-sister(singing), Constanze Mozart(1762-1842)-wife(not shown in the stamps), Franz Xaver Mozart(1791-1844)-son(not in the picture) also a composer and pianist

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus-1

(1756-1791), Austrian composer, the greatest composer of the music history, he composed over 600 works: symphonies, operas, concertos, chamber music, church music, serenades, divermentos, vocal music.
For Mozart's 250th birthday stamps:

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus-2

There are over 250 pieces of stamps have been issued for Mozart,
this website is intended only to display just a few of them from my collections.

Mussorgsky, Modest

(1839-1881), Russian composer, studied piano from his mother, entered Cadet School of Guards in St. Petersburg, received music lessons from Balakirev, one of 'Mighty Five', comosed operas(Boris Godunov. Mlada etc.), orchestral music, piano pieces, and songs.

Wednesday, May 7, 2008

Muti, Riccardo

(1941- ), born in Naples, Italy, Conductor, studied piano at the Naples Conservatory and conducting at the Milan Conservatory, won the Guido Cantelli conducting competition in 1967, conduced in Florence, debut in US 1972 in Philadelphia, and succeeded Ormandy until 1992, conducted in La Scala, Covent Garden, Salzburg Festival, Munich, Paris etc., appointed music director of Chicago Symphony starting 2010.

Myslivecek, Josef

(1737-1781), Czech. composer, studied philosophy at the Univ. of Prague, studied composition privately, and played violin in a church orchestra, Prague, then studied in Naples, his operas were successful in Italy, his operas drew great acclaim, and praise of Mozart, he composed operas, oratorios, symphonies, concertos, and chamber music

Monday, May 5, 2008

Nedbal, Oskar

(1872-1930), Czech. composer and conductor, studied at the Prague Conservatory with Dvorak, conducted in Prague and Vienna. He wrote operettas and other instrumental music.

Nevin, Ethelbert

(1862-1901), American composer. He studied piano in Boston and Berlin, voice in Dresden. He had a fine individuality of expression, taught at Boston. He composed mainly songs - "The Rosary", "Mighty Like a Rose". His songs achieved immense popularity.

Nielsen, Carl

(1865-1931), Dannish composer, Studied in Royal College in Copenhagen, then in Germany with Wagner,
conducted at the Royal Theater, appoimted as the director of the Royal Conservatory in Copenhagen. He composed 2 operas, 6 symphonies, concertos(violin, flute), and chamber music.

Nijazi, Khamza

(1889-1929), Uzbek composer, studied at the Samarkand Institute of Music, he carried on his works of study and preservation of folk music, performing it on folk instruments of Uzbekistan.

Nilsson, Birgit

(1918- ) Swedish soprano, studied at the Royal Academy of Music, Stockholm. made her debut in 1946 at the Royal Opera at Glyedebourne. Sang in Munich, Bayreuth, San Francisco, and Met ropolitan Opera, widely regarded as the finest Wagnerian soprano of her time, she retired from the stage in 1984.

Nordraak, Rikard

(1842-1866), Norwegian composer, studied in Copenhagen and Berlin, he helped to found the music society Euterpe with Grieg and others. He wrote the Norwegian national anthem.

Norman, Jessye

(1945- ), American soprano, born in Georgia, studied at Howard Univ. and Univ. of Michigan, won the Munich International Music Competition in 1968 and made her debut at the Berlin Deutsche Oper, then sang in London, La Scala, and Metropolitan Opera.

Novak, Vitezslav

(1870-1949), Czech. composer, studied at the Jindrichuv Hradec, Prague Univ. and Prague Conservatory, touring Moravia and Slovakia to collect folk music for experimention with folk song quotation and folklike melodies. He composed symphonies, orchestral music etc.

Novikov, A. G.

Russian composer

Offenbach, Jacques

(1819-1880), German/French composer, born in Germany but settled in Paris, played cello with his brother and sister as a trio in local taverns, later played in Paris theaters, being called the Paganini of Cello, taking music lessons from Halevy and started composing operettas, gaining popularity throughout central Europe, composed mainly operettas(Orphee aux enfers, Les contes d'Hoffmann).

Oistrakh, David

(1908-1974), Russian violinist, studied at the Odessa Conservatory; made his debut in Leningrad in 1928, won first prizes in the Ukranian Contest, All-Soviet Contest, and first prize in the Ysaye Contest in Brussels(1935).
(Oistrakh is the one standing and holding violin - portrait in the left is Shostakovich