Wednesday, April 30, 2008

Pavarotti, Luciano(1)

(1935-2007), Italian tenor, trained privately, debut at Reggio Emilia in 1963 and his international debut at Amsterdam in 1963, thereafter making appearences throughout Europe, made his debut at Metropolitan Opera in 1968. One of the Three Tenors. He died in October 2007.

Pavarotti, Luciano(2)

Souvenir sheets were issued by S. Tome E Principe after Pavarotti's death in 2007.

Pavlova, Anna

(1882-1931), Russian ballerina. One of the great geniuses of the dance and famous ballerina in St. Petersburg. She studied with the Imperial Ballet School, her main teacher was Maruis Petipa, she made her debut at 17, and became the Mariinsky's principal ballerina, in 1908 joined Diaghilev's Ballet Russes. Throughout her life she brought ballet to millions of her legendary name.

Peeters, Flor

(1907-1986), Belgian organist and composer, at age 16, he studied at the Lenmmens Institute in Mechelen. In 1923 he became the organ teacher at the Institute and chief organist at the cathedral in Mechelen. He also gave concerts and liturgical masterclasses all over the world.

Pergolesi, Giovanni Battista

(1710-1736), Italian composer, studied privately first, then entered the Conservatorio dei Poveri di Gesu Cristo in Naples. He composed operas, dramatic stage works, sacred music, and other works, His fame spread rapidly after his death.

Perosi, Lorenzo

(1872-1956), Italian compoers, studied at Rome and Milan conservatories, appointed as a choirmaster of San Marco, then music director of the Sistine Chapel. He composed 20 oratorios, Masses, sacred music, 25 orchestral pieces, and chamber music.

Peterson, Oscar

Born in Montreal, he performed with jazz at the Philharmonic from 1949. In 1951 he formed a trio with double bass and guitar. In 1970's he began performing regularly as an unaccompanied soloist. In 1991 he was named chancellor of York University in Toronto.

Petipa, Marius

(1818-1910), French/Russian dancer, teacher, and choreographer, he is cited nearly unanimously by the most noted artists of the classical ballet to be the most influential balletmaster and choreographer that has ever lived. He created over 50 ballets, and noted for his long association with the St. Petersburg Imperial Theatres. Marius Petipa was born in Marseille, France and trained in Belgium, famed in France and Madrid, in 1847 he moved to St. Petersburg to accept the position of Premier danseur to the Imperial Theatres and stayed in Russia until his death.

Petrauskas, Mikas I.

(1873-1937), Lithuanian composer, studied with Rimsky-Korsakov at the St. Petersburg Conservatory. In 1914 he immigrated to US, later he founded the Lithuanian Conservatory in South Boston.
He returned to Lithuania in 1930.

Pfitzner, Hans

1869-1949), German composer, conductor and writer, born in Moscow of German parentage, as his father was a violinist there, the family returned to Frankfurt and young Pfitzner studied at the conservatory in Frankfurt; remained active as a conductor and accompanist throughout his career.
He composed 5 operas, 3 symphonies, concertos(violin, cello, piano).

Piccinni, Niccolo

(1728-1800), Italian composer, studied at S. Onofrio Conservatory in Naples. In Naples he taught singing and was organist at the cathedral. In 1776 he accepted an offer from the French court to move to Paris and successfully adapted his style to the French stage. H composed over 60 operas in Paris and Naples

Pinza, Ezio

(1892-1957), Italian bass, studied voice at the Ravenna and Bologna conservatories, sang in Florence and Rome, then at Metropolitan Opera between 1926-1948, also in San Francisco, London and Vienna.

Pipkov, Panyot

(1871-1949), Bulgarian composer/conductor, the first generation of Bulgarian musicians, wrote operas and operettas, his best known music is "Bulgarian Rhapsody".


Alfredo da Rocha Viana Filho, knownas Pixinguinh,(1897-1973), Brazilian composer, saxophonist. and a distinguished flutist. Through the legacy of the poineering choro composers of the 19th ccentury and of the Afro-Brazilian tradition, produced the most important choro works of all time.

Tuesday, April 29, 2008

Pleyel, Ignace Joseph

(1757-1831), Austrian composer, studied with Haydn, became Kapellmeister to Court Ladislaus Erdody, the Kapellmeister of Strasbourg Cathedral; his music was extremely popular during his lifetime. He composed 45 symphonies, concertos, 16 string quartets.

Ponce, Manuel

(1882-1948), Mexican pianist/composer, studied in Mexico City, then at Bologna and Berlin, taught at Mexico City Conservatory, and conducted the national Symphony, his guitar music is the standard repertory; the song "Estrellita" was one of Latin American's best known compositions.

Ponchielli, Amilcare

(1834-1886), Studied at the Milan Conservatory, later taught there and held director's post there, conducted at the Teatro Carcano, and music director at Cremona's Teatro Concordia, composed mainly operas(La Gioconda etc).

Pons, Lily

(1898-1976), French soprano, entered the Paris Conservatory at age 13; made operatic debut in 1927 at Mulhouse; then at the Metropolitan Opera, remaining with Met until 1961. Renowned for her coloratura singing.

Ponselle, Rosa

(1897-1981), American soprano, began as vaudeville singer alongside with her sister, made her Metropolitan debut opposite Caruso in 1918; she remained the foremost prima donna there until 1937,
She was active in teaching; directed the Baltimoe Civic Opera Company. Her voice was regarded as one of the best in the century.

Porter, Cole

(1891-1964), American songwriter/lyricist, studied at Worcester Academy, Yale, and Havard, also in Paris and stayed in Paris(1917-1935), he placed songs in shows in New York and Paris, returned to US in 1935 and composed for films and later for Broadway. His best known musicals are: "Kissme, Kate", "Can-Can".

Sunday, April 27, 2008

Portugal musicians

** Left to right:
Carlos Seixas(1704-42), composer;
Luisa Todi(1753-1833), singer; Joao Domingos Bomtempo(1775-1842), composer;Duarte Lobo(1565-1646), composer; Joao de Sousa Carvalho(1745-1798), composer; Marcos Portugal(1762-1838), composer

Porumbescu, Ciprian

(1853-1882), Romanian composer, studied with Bruckner in Vienna, he composed many songs of a nationallistic flavor, as well as an operetta on a Romanian theme. His name is attached to several conservatories in Romania.

Poulenc, Francis

(1899-1963), French composer, studied at the Lycee Condorcet, one of the "Les six"; his works are; operas, ballet music, incidental music, 1 piano concerto, and chamber music.

Prokofiev, Sergei Sergeievich

(1891-1953), Russian composer, attended St. Petersburg Conservatory studying with Liadov, Rimsky-Korsakov, and Tcherepnin. In 1917 he left Russia but in 1936 he returned to Russia. He composed operas, symphonies, ballet music, orchestral music and chamber music.

Puccini, Giacomo

(1858-1924), Italian composer, studied at the Instituto musicale Pacini at Lucca. A performance of Aida in 1876 inspired him to become an opera composer, he then entered Milan Conservatory to study with Bazzini and Ponchielli.
He composer 12 operas(Le Villi, Edgar, Manon Lescaut, La Boheme, Tosca, Madama Butterfly, La Fanciulla del West, La Rondine, Il Trittico, Turandot).

Puccini's Opera

La Boheme, Tosca, Madama Butterfly, Turandot

Friday, April 25, 2008

Purcell, Henry

(1659-1695), English composer, a chorister in the Chapel Royal, organist at Westminster Abbey, then at the Chapel Royal. Purcell is one of the greatest of all English composers and an outstanding figure of the Baroque period. His works are operas and semi-operas, plays with incidental music, other secular music etc.

Quantz, Johann Joachim

(1697-1773), German flutist and composer, studied many string and wind instrumentsas well as harpsichord, traveled widely in Europe.
He composed over 300 flute sonatas and concertos.

Rachmaninoff, Sergei

(1873-1943), Russian composer, pianist and conductor, he had lesson from his mother, then studied at the St. Petersberg and the Moscow conservatories, began conducting in Russia in 1891, then in London. In 1904 appointed as a conductor of Bolshoi. In 1917 he left Russia due to the Revolution, never return, settled in US and toured as a piano virtuoso throughout US and Europe. He composed symphonies, syphonic poems, 3 paino concertos etc.

Raharisoa, Norbert

(1914-1963), Madagascan pianist. He studied art first in Paris, then changed to music, studied at Lyon, returned to Madagasca to became a teacher, he composed the national anthem of his country when it became republic.

Wednesday, April 23, 2008

Rameau, Jean Philippe

(1683-1764), French composer and theorist, studied from his father, then at the Jesuit College des Godrans, served as organist at various cathedrals in Paris and Lyons. Rameau is regarded, along with Lully and Gluck, as one of the principal masters of Pre-Revolutionary French opera.

Ramin, Gunther

(1898-1956), German organist, choral conductor and composer, studied organ, taught at the Leipzig Conservatory, conducted the Gewandhaus Choir, The Berlin Philharmonic Choir, toured widely as organ virtuoso.

Ravel, Maurice

(1875-1937), French composer, studied at the Paris Conservatory with Faure; his music continued to take him all over Europe during 1920's. He composed 2 piano concertos, orchestral works, violin pieces(Tzigane), chamber music etc.

Reger, Max(imilian)

(1873-1916), German composer, studied at Sondershausen and Wiesbaden Conservatory, then moved to Munich, and taught there, later at Leipzig, conducted Meiningen Orchestra. He composed symphony, concertos(violin, piano), and chamber music.

Tuesday, April 22, 2008

Respighi, Ottorino

(1879-1936), Italian composer, studied at the Liceo musicale in Bologna, played viola in the Imperial Opera Orchestra in St. Petersberg and studied with Rimsky-Korsakov, returned to Italy and taught at Liceo. He composed operas, orchestral works(Pines of Rome, Fountains of Rome...), chamber music etc

Revueltas, Silvestre

(1899-1940), Mexican composer/violinist, studied violin in Mexico and US, concertizing widely, named assistant conductor of the Mexico Symphony. His music style is a distinctive mix of folk elements, his compositions include ballets, symphonic poems, and orchestral works.

Rheingberger, Josef

(1839-1901), Liechtenstein composer/organist, moved to Munich and studied at the conservatory, then taught there, held many musical posts in Munich. He composed operas, 3 symphonies, chamber music etc.

Monday, April 21, 2008

Rimsky-Korsakov, Nikolai

(1844-1908), Russian composer, attended the College of Naval Cadets in St. Petersberg, studied music privately, met Cui, Mussorgsky, Borodin.., taught at the St. Petersberg Conservatory. His well known music are: Scheherazade, operas- Le Coq d'or, The Snow Maiden, May Night, Mlada

Rodgers & Hammerstein

Richard Rodgers(1902-1979), American Broadway musical composer.
Oscar Hammerstein II(1895-1960), Lyricist and librettist. Their collaborations included: - Oklahoma !, South Pacific, Sound of Music, Carousel, The King and I.

Rodrigo, Joaquin

(1902-1999), Spanish composer, a composer and virtuoso pianist, despite being blind from an early age, he achieved great success. He studied with Dukas in Paris, then taught at the Madrid Conservatory. He is considered to be reputable for popularizing classical guitar music, and his Concerto d Aranjuez is one of the principles of the Spanish music and guitar concerto repertoire.

Rossini, Gioacchino(1)

(1792-1868), Italian operatic composer.
studied with his father first, then entered Bologna Liceo studied composition and cello, composed his first opera at age of 17, thereafter, his operas were performed with great success. He composed 35 operas, but stopped composing in late 30's.

Rossini, Gioacchino(2)

Italian operatic composer - his popular operas are: William Tell, Barber of Seville, L'italiana in Algeri, Tancredi, Semiramide,La Cenerentola, Elisabetta, Le seige de Corinthe... etc

Rouget de Lisle, Claude Joseph

(1760-1836), French poet and composer,
he entered the Ecole royale du genie at Mezieres, achieving the rank of lieutenant, composed the national anthem known as 'Marseillaise', he also wrote opera librettos, sang and was a passable violinist.

Rousseau, Jean-Jacques

(1712-1778), French composer, his musical training was through self-instruction, which included reading Rameau's treatise on harmony and copying music, went to Venice, where he was captivated by Italian opera;
returned to Paris in 1744; his contribution was mainly to French opera.

Sunday, April 13, 2008

Roussel, Albert

(1869-1937), French composer, entered the Schola cantorum and studied with d'Indy, later taught there. He composed 1 opera, several ballets, 4 symphonies, and others.

Rubinstein, Anton

(1829-1894), Russian pianist/composer, studied with Villoing, and toured Europe with him, continued study in Paris and Vienna, 1844 returned to Russia, he founded the Russian Musical Society, and the St. Petersburg Conservatory. He composed 15 operas, 6 symphonies, concertos, and chamber music.

Rubinstein, Arthur

(1887-1982), Polish pianist, studied in Lodz and Warsaw, then went to Berlin. A piano virtuoso of his time, his chamber music partners included Heifetz, Piatigorsky, Szerying, and Guarneri Quartet.

Saturday, April 12, 2008

Saeverud, Harald

(1897-1992), Norwegian composer, studied at the Bergen Conservatory and Berlin Musikhochschule. His music exhibts polyphonic texture, incorporation of elements of Norwegian folk music. He composed 9 symphonies, piano concertos, and chamber music.

Saint-Saens, Camille

(1835-1921), French composer, entered the Paris Conservatory at age of 7, founder of the Societe nationale de musique. A highly versatile composer, his works shows refinement, spirit, genial melody and a fine sense of form. He was one of the leading figures in the restoration of French symphonic music. He composed 14 operas, 5 symphonies, concertos(5 piano, 3 violin, 2 cello), chamber music, .. etc.

Salieri, Antonio

(1750-1825), Italian composer, studied in Venice and Vienna, became court composer and conductor of Italian opera in Vienna, served as president of the Tonkunstler-Sozietat, directed the musical program of the Congress of Vienna. He composed over 40 operas, oratorios, Masses etc.