Wednesday, July 16, 2008

Introductory Page

Click 'Older Posts' at the end to continue, or Click (1) the name at the right column, or (2) Click the small 'triangle' of the month to get more listings of musicians' names for selection.
** Please Click the following to Visit the More Comprehensive Website:
Search by alphabetical order as follows:
(Pull-down to the end of the first page)
2008-July (Abendroth - Couperin)
June.......... (D'arezzo - Lully)
May........... (Mazzel - Paliashvilli)
April.......... (Pavarotti - Slavik)
March........ (Slezak - Szymanowski)
February... (Tarrega - Vaughan Williams)
January...... (Verdi - Wieniawski)
2007 December.....( Wolf-Ziehrer)
Welcome your comments.

Abendroth, Hermann

(1883-1956), German conductor, studied in Munich, conducted in Munich, Lubeck, and Essen, professor at the Cologne Conservatory, then music director there, conducted London Symphony, Leipzig Radio Orchestra, and Berlin Radio Orchestra.

Ackte, Aino

(1876-1944), Finnish soprano, studied with her mother first and then with Duvernoy in Paris, debut as Marguerite(Faust) at Paris Opera in 1897, then sang in London Covent Garden, and NY Met. She had a voice of purity and power, an excellent dramatic instinct and stage appearence, served as director of the Finnish National Opera, 1938.

Adam, Adolphe

(1803-1856), French composer, studied piano from his father first, then entered the Paris Conservatory to study organ, counterpoint, and composition, won the 2nd place of the Prix de Rome in 1825, taught at the Paris Conservatory, composed over 50 comique operas and a dozen of ballets, "Giselle" is the best known of his ballet as of today.

Alfven, Hugo

(1872-1960), Swedish composer and conductor, studied at the Stockholm Conservatory, studied violin and composition privately, violinist at the Royal Opera Orchestra, went to Dresden to study conducting, served as director of music at the Uppsala University. He composed 5 symphonies, 3 swedish rhapsodies, violin sonatas, and chamber music.

American Broadway Musicals/Songwriters

Meredith Wilson-The Music Man
Frank Loesser-Slow Boat to China, Guys and Dolls
Lorenz Hart-Lyricist
Ira and George Gershwin-Strike Up the Band
Rogers & Hammerstein-Oklahoma, The King and I, The Sound of Music
Lerner & Lowe- My Fair Lady, Gigi, Paint Your Wagon.

Wednesday, July 9, 2008

Albeniz, Isaac

(1860-1909), Spanish composer and pianist, studied piano in Paris, and Leipzig Conservatory, appeared as concert pianist in North and South Americas, a leading representative of the "New Spanish" school of nationalistic composers, composed operas, a piano concerto, orchestral works(rhapsodies), piano sonatas etc.

Albrechtsberger, Johann Georg

(1736-1809), Austrian composer, court organist, theorist and teacher, he is best known as 'Beethoven's teacher'. He served as Kapellmeister at St. Stephen's in Vienna, composed over 300 sacred works, and some instrumental music.

Alexandrov, Alexander

(1883-1946), Russian composer, studied at the St. Petersburg Conservatory and Moscow Conservatory, later taught there, his "Hymn of the Bolshevik Party" with new words became the Soviet national anthem.

Alfano, Franco

(1877-1954), Italian composer, studied at the Naples Conservatory, and at Leipzig, taught at the Liceo musicale, Bologna, director of Turin Conservatory, composer 3 operas, symphonies, best known for completion of Puccini's Turandot.

Aliabiev, Alexander

Russian composer, his romance "The Nightingale" became one of the symbol of Russia... He could have became famous even if he had written nothing but this melody, he composed over 200 romances, and other style of music, such as symphonies, quartets, operas, but unknown to the broad public.

Anderson, Marian

(1897-1993), American contralto, studied voice in Philadelphia, New York, and Europe, debut recital in New York, continued to sing in recitals in Europe and US, opera debut in 1955 at NY Met. She retired in 1965.

Ansermet, Ernest

(1883-1969), Swiss conductor, studied at Lausanne and Sorbonne universities(mathematics), then studied music in Paris, Geneva and Berlin, studied conducting with Richard Strauss and Nikisch. Founded the Orchestre de la Suisse Romande, leading it from its first concert in 1918 until his retirement in 1966.

Arrau, Claudio

(1903-1991), Chilian pianist, studied at the Stern's Conservatory in Berlin, 1910-12, debut there in 1914; U.S. debut at Carnegie Hall, Oct. 23, 1923, won Ibach Prize in 1917; first prize, Concours Geneve, 1927, taught at the Stein's Conservatory, 1924-40, world tour, 1968, 1974-75 and 1981.

Asafiev, Boris Vladimirovich

(1884-1949), Russian composer,studied at the St. Petersburg Conservatory, later taught at the Leningrad Conservatory and Moscow Conservatory, headed the music section of the USSR Academy of Sciences, composed 11 operas, 28 ballets, 4 symphonies, and chamber music.

Ascher, Leo

(1880-1942), Austrian composer, studied law at the University of Vienna, then attended Vienna Conservatory to study compositions, left Austria and emigrated to US in 1939, his artistic estate is kept at the Leo Ascher Centre of Operetta music at the Millerville University in Pennsylvania. He composed operettas, popular songs.

Auber, Daniel Francois

(1782-1871), French composer, studied music in London, returned to Paris and continued to study with Cherubini, he was director of the Paris Conservatory, 1842-1870, he established the model for French Grand opera of the next several decades since 1830's, composed 36 stage works, and sacred music.

Auric, Georges

(1899-1983), French composer, studied at the Montpellier, Paris conservatories, and the Schola cantorum, served as director of the paris Opera and the Opera Comique, one of the "Les six", this group of composers grew up around the idea of Satie, who believed that French music should be free of foreign influence, born of every day life, and characterized be deliberate simplicity, he composed mainly ballet music, songs, and film scores.

Monday, July 7, 2008

Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel

(1714-1788), German composer, son of J S Bach, studied music from his father first, then attended Thomasschule and Leipzig University(study law), served as chamber musician at the court of Prince of Prussia, later music directors of five churches and as Kantor at the Johanneum in Hamburg, composed over 900 works, including 20 symphonies, 100 concertos and sonatas, choral music, and various keyboard music.

Bach, J. S.-1

(1685-1750), German composer and organist, had music lessons from his father and brothers, studied organ and violin from local church musicians, he was appointed as a court organist at Weimar, court composer to the King of Poland and Elector of Saxony, served as a kantor of the Thomasschule in Leipzig and as Director musices for the town of Leipzig.

Bach, J. S.-2

(1685-1750), German composer and organist, his works includes: vocal music - about 200 sacred cantatas, instrumental music - 6 Brandenburg concertos, 2 violin concertos, 1 double concerto, 14 harpsichord concertos, sonatas and partitas for violin, 6 suites for cello, over 250 organ music, keyboard music-variations, Italian concerto, French Overture, 15 sinfonias, 6 partitas, 16 concertos for solo clavier, many other fantasia, fugues, preludes, and sonatas.

Balakirev, Mily

(1836-1910), Russian composer, took piano lesson at young age, entered the University of Kazan to stdy mathematics, but continued to perform piano and teach, began conducting at the newly opened Free School of Music in St. Petersburg, later named director of the Free School of Music, and director of the imperial court. Balakirev, Borodin, Cui, Rimsky-Korsakov, and Mussorgsky are often referred as "The Mighty Five"

Barber, Samuel

(1910-1981), American composer, studied piano from childhood, led a high school orchestra and was organist at a local church, thenentered Curtis Institute to study composition, also taught at Curtis, won Rome prize and 2 Pulitzer Prizes, composed 1 symphonies, 1 violin concerto, 1 cello concerto, and a piano concerto, operas(Vanessa, Anthony and Cleopatra), a string quartet(Adagio for string).

Barbirolli, Sir John

(1899-1970), British conductor, studied cello at the Trinity College of Music, and Royal Academy of Music, debut as conductor in 1916 at Queens Hall, conducted Chenil Orchestra, National Opera Co., London Symphony, Royal Opera, Hale Orchestra, and Houston Symphony, Knighted in 1949.

Bartok, Bela

(1881-1945),Hungarian composer and ethnomusicalogist, noted for researches in folk-music and idiom; studied at the Budapest Academy, later taught there, visited US and lectured there. Around 1906 he and Kodaly began collecting folk music in villages of Hungary, Romania, Slovakia, and Serbia, and began to assimilate both the spirit and the substance of these melodies in his own music. He was a profilic composer, composed stage, orchestral shamber music, concertos etc. best known piece is 'Concerto for Orchestra' which was commissioned by Boston orchestra.

Beecham, Sir Thomas

(1879-1961), British conductor, studied at Rossall School and Wadham College, Oxford, he was self-taught as a conductor, in 1909 he found Beecham Orchestra, later conducted at opera houses, London Symphony, and Royal Philharmonic Society, in 1915 he founded the Beecham Opera Company, he visited US in 1944 and conducted Seattle Symphony, NY Met, and New York Philharmonic. He was knighted in 191916

Beethoven, Ludwig van-1

(1770-1827), German composer, took music lesson from his father, then went to Vienna and studied with Mozart, Haydn, Albrechtsberger, and Salieri. Beethoven's works generally divides into three style periods(early, middle, late), his major works includes: 9 symphonis, 5 piano concertos, 1 violin concerto, 1 triple concerto, 1 opera(Fidelio), 2 Romances for violin, Chamber music(octet, string quintets, string quartets, trios), 10 violin sonatas, cello sonatas, 32 piano sonatas, Incidental music(Egmont, The Ruin of Athens, King Stephen overture, and Prometheus), and vocal music(Requiem, choral music and songs).

Beethoven, Ludwig van-2

There are lot more stamps and souvenir sheets being issued for Beethoven, this website is not intended to list all of them(not even some of them). This sheet of stamps on the left and the souvenir sheets of previous page were most recently issued for the 180th anniversary of his death in 2007 by North Korea and Guinie-Bissau.(The first Beethoven stamp-or the first music stamp ever, was issued by a local post office-near Hamburg, Germany in 1889).

Bellini, Vincenzo-1

(1801-1835), Italian composer, studied at the San Sebastiano Conservatory, Naples, Bellini's melodic form exercised a strong influence on a whole generation of musicians. He composed mainly operas - Norma, I Puritani, I Capuletti ed Montecchi, La Sonnambula are still very popular today.

Bellini, Vincenzo-2

Stamps issued in 1935 by Italy to commemorate the 100th anniversary of his death.

Benatzky, Ralph

(1884-1957), Austrian composer of Czech origin, he studied and worked in Vienna most of his life, composed operas and operettas.

Benda, Franz

(1709-1786), Czech composer and violin virtuoso, born in Bohemia, went to Dresden, sang in the court chapel choir and began study violin and viola, returned to Prague in 1723 and played violin in Frederick II's orchestra, he was famous for his cantabile playing. He composed symphonies, concertos, sonatas, and other chamber music.

Benda, Jiri Antonin

(1722-1795), Czech. composer and violinist, early music study in Kosmonos and Bohemia, played violin in the court orchestra of Federick II, in 1750 he became Kapellmeister at the Federick III's chapel at Gotha, he composed 30 symphonies, concertos, sacred music, and keyboard music.

Benoit, Peter

(1834-1901), Belgian composer, studied at Brussels Conservatory, became conductor at the Park Theater in Brussels, won Belgian Prix de Rome, founded the Flemish Music School in Antwerp in 1867, later became the Royal Flemish Conservatory, composed opera, oratorios and Cantatas.

Berg, Alban

(1885-1935), Austrian composer, studied music with Scheonberg, his music displays various features that distinguish his personal use of the method, a mixture of twelve-tone and freely constructed sections.
He composed 2 operas (Wozzeck, Lulu) are still popular today, others: violin concerto, chamber concerto, and chamber music.

Berlin, Irving

(1888-1989), American composer, born in Russia, his family emigrated to New York in 1893, he worked as a street singer and singing waiter in Chinatown, hired as a lyricist by Snyder Publishing in 1919, he formed his own publishing company in 1919 and the Music Box Theater in 1921. He composed about 1500 songs, some of them appeared in Broadway musicals. His most popular songs are: "God Bless America", "There's No Business Like Show Business", "White Christmas".

Sunday, July 6, 2008

Berlioz, Hector-1

(1803-1869), French composer, had music lesson from his father and local teacher, entered Paris Conservatory, won the Prix de Rome and stayed in Rome, returned to Paris and became a virtuoso conductor, conducted in Germany, Vienna, Prague, Budapest, London, and Russia. He composed operas(Le Troyens, Benvenuto Cellini, Le Damnation of Faust), Symphonie fantastique, overtures, orchestral works, and choral music.**************
(The picture was taken at the Monte Carlo park with Berlioz's bust)

Berlioz, Hector-2

Stamps issued by Guine-Bissau, Romania, Belgium, France, Monaco, and Comoros Islands

Berlioz-scenes from La Damnation de Faust

Legende dramatique in 4 acts by Berlioz, after Gerard de Nerval's French version of Goethe's Faust. ***********
This set of stamps were issued in 1969 by Monaco for Berlioz's 100th death anniversary.

Bernstein, Leonard

(1918-1990), American composer, conductor and pianist, studied piano from the age of 10, entered Harvard University and Curtis Institute studying piano, composition and conducting, served as assistant conductor at the Berkshire Music Center under Koussevitzky, assistant conductor of NY Philharmonic under Rodzinski, taught at the Brandeis Univ., named conductor of NY Philh. from 1958 thru 1969, won the New York Critics' Circle Award in 1944 for his work "Jeremiah", he composed ballet music, musicals(West Side Story), operas(Candice, Trouble in Tahiti), symphonies, orchestral suites, and choral music.

Berwald, Franz

(1796-1868), Swedish composer, learned to play violin from his father, joined the court orchestra in 1812, further studied in Berlin, and Stayed in Vienna during 1841, returned to Sweden and later named professor at the Swedish Royal Academy of Music in 1867, composed operas, 4 symphonies, violin concerto, chamber music(string quartets, trios), orchestral fantasia, and piano pieces.

Bihari, Janos

(1764-1827), Hungarian virtuoso violinist and composer of gypsy descent, known primarily for his superb interpretation of the verbunkos(18th century peasant dance), he performed for all social classes and had a lasting influence within the Hungarian folk tradition, Franz Liszt said of him:"The tones sung by his magic violin flow on our enchanted ears like the tears......".

Bizet, George

(1838-1875), French composer, studied at the Paris Conservatory, developed into a brilliant pianist, won 2nd and 1st prizes of the Prix de Rome, sebsequently studied in Rome, return to Paris in 1860 and actively involving in composition. he composed operas(Les Pecheurs de Perles, La Jolie Fille de Perth, Carmen etc), Suite-L'arlesienne, symphony in C, and piano pieces.
His last opera "Carmen" is the greatest of all operas-comiques. The opera's rise to universal popularity began with its very successful production in Octber 1875, three months after Bizet's death.

Bjiorling, Jessi(Johan)

(1907-1960) Swedish tenor, taught by his father, then studied at the Royal Opera School in Stockholm, debut there in 1930, sang regularly there until 1939, sang elsewhere-Vienna, Chicago, London, and NY Met. Sang Italian, French, and Russian repertory, but (except Mozart) not German. Had a warm and appealing voice with excellent taste.

Blanck, Hubert de

(1856-1932), Dutch/Cuban composer and pianist, born in Ultrecht, Holland, but spent the better part of his life in Cuba, studied music with his father, a violinist, then entered Conservatory Real de Lieja in Liege, Belgium, and Conservatory of Cologne, went to St. Petersbourg, debut as a concert piaist there then toured Europe, moved to New York then Cuba. In Cuba he helped to create a Cuban conservatory of music.

Bloch, Ernest

(1880-1959), Swiss composer, studied violin in Geneva, then went for further study to Brussels, Munich, and Paris, lectured at the Geneva Conservatory, in 1916 he emigrated to US, taught at the Mannes Music School(1917-19), later became director of the Cleveland Institute of Music, and taught at the San Francisco Conservatory, and at Barkeley(1940-52), he composed Schelomo(a rhapsody for cello and orch.), opera(Macbeth), a violin concerto, concerto grosso, 5 string quartets, violin, viola, cello, piano pieces.

Boeck, August de

(1863-1937), Belgian composer and organist, studied at the Royal Conservatory in Brussels, became organist at various churches, professor at the Conservatory of Antwerp, and conservatory of Brussels, director of the conservatory of Mechelen, he introduced musical impressionism into Belgium,
he composed symphony, 1 violin concerto, 1 piano concerto, and symphonic poem.

Bohm, Karl

(1894-1981), Austrian conductor, studied music theory in Vienna, made his conducting debut at Graz Opera in 1917; in 1920, became chief conductor there, served as music director in Darmstadt, Dresden Staatsoper, began a lifelong association with the Salzburg Festival in 1938, named director of the Vienna State Opera, 1942, and 1954-56; conducted in London, La Scala, NY Met, Chicago Symphony, also conducted at Bayreuth, and Covent Garden.

Boito, Arrigo

(1842-1918), Italian composer and librettist, studied at the Milan Conservatory, went to Paris and met Verdi, Rossini, Berlioz. Returned to Milan, wrote libretos for Verdi(Otello, Falstaff) and Ponchielli(La Gioconda), his opera was conducted by Toscanini, he also translated Wagner's works(Rienzi, Tristan), he composed operas(Nerone, Mefistofele).

Borodin, Alexander

(1833-1887), Russian composer, studied chemistry and medicine at the Academy of Medicine in St. Petersburg, receiving doctorate in chemistry, married a pianist and she became his musical companion, he was professor of chemistry at the Insitute, met Balakirev who encouraged him to be more seriously engaged in music. He is principally remembered for his opera "Prince Igor"(completed by Rimsky-Korsakov and Glazonov), he composed 1 symphony, and string quartets. The stamp showing a scene from "Prince Igor".